1:30 - 2:00 :
Dr. Gideon Eden (CEO, Biolumix)
-Title: Practical Aspects of Bacterial Growth Model
-Abstract: An automated optical instrument has been developed to rapidly detect the presence of bacteria in a sample. The instrument is based upon the analysis of bacterial growth patterns manifested by their metabolic processes in a mixture of growth media and optical indicators. A mathematical model is presented to predict the nature of the patterns detected by the instrument, and to derive intrinsic properties of bacterial growth. Correlation to the traditional "plate counts" performed in Petri dish is demonstrated.
2:00 - 2:30 :
Dr. Heng, Henry
(I) (Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, and Karmanos Cancer Institute,
Wayne State University School of Medicine)
-Title: Can mathematics solve the mystery of biology?
The interface between mathematics and biology presents both a challenge and an opportunity for biologists and mathematicians. Underscored by the explosion of biological data and the increasing usage of computational modeling, 21st-Century biology requires new mathematic tools to solve biological mysteries. In this presentation, I will briefly review some of the key features that are unique to biological systems, and some corresponding limitations of current mathematic tools. By asking a fundamental question, is mathematical theory required for the maturation of biological science, this presentation strives to call attention to this important issue and hopes to develop collaboration with mathematicians.
2:30 - 3:00 :
Sheng, Jim (I)
(U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research and Development)
- Title: Occupant Injury Risk Assessment Under Vertical Loading
- Abstract: During the past five decades, tremendous efforts have been made in understanding human injury during automotive crashes, and in developing test devices for occupant protection studies. In most cases of an automotive crash, occupants experience lateral loadings. The occupant protection in vertical loading conditions originated from the work in the early years of ejection seat designs, where DRI is the main injury risk assessment index. During the last few years, blast threats such as landmines and improvised explosive devices (IED) posed a significant injury and fatality risk to occupants in military ground vehicles. The occupant injuries associated with severe vertical loading have drawn more and more attention of researchers, and engineers. While DRI is still a useful tool to assess occupant spinal injury associated with vertical loading, Effective G and the associated pulse duration is found to be a better index to be correlated to occupant injuries. This presentation will discuss DRI, Effective G and pulse duration and their correlation to occupant injury during vertical loadings.
3:00 - 3:30 :
Bobeldyk, Denton (I)
(Davenport University and DJB Consulting L.L.C.)
-Title: Biometrics - Applications and Challenges
Biometrics is the science of teaching machines (computers) to identify unique biological characteristics or traits in humans; these identifications are then used to authenticate people or pick out known terrorists in a crowd. Uniquely identifying people based on biological traits can be quite a challenge. Some modalities provide high accuracy such as iris or fingerprint, while other modalities provide the ability to identify from large distances such as gait (the way you walk). A brief overview of the algorithms currently being used for each of the modalities will be discussed as well as areas that require further mathematical research.